Doctoral Defense: Yu Shi, PhD in Public Administration, 4/29/16, 10am

April 21, 2016

The Department of Public Administration is pleased to announce the upcoming doctoral dissertation defense:
Yu Shi, PhD in Public Administration

Title:
USING MIXED METHODS TO EXPLORE THE IMPACT OF MACRO LEVEL GOVERNING STRUCTURE ON PUBLIC SECTOR EMPLOYMENT

Date/Time:
Friday, April 29, 2016
10am to noon

Location:
CUPPA Hall,
Conference Room 2202
412 S Peoria, Chicago, IL 60607

Dissertation Committee:
Dr. Rebecca Hendrick, Chair
Dr. Michael Pagano
Dr. Yonghong Wu
Dr. David Merriman
Dr. Paula Worthington

Abstract
Utilizing Oates’ fiscal federalism theorem, the Tiebout model and Berry’s common pool model, this dissertation develops an integrated theoretical framework of state and local government structure. Based on the framework, the dissertation examines the effect of a macro level governing structure on public sector employment using two different methods. An econometric model is used to examine the individual effect of four characteristics of a macro level governing structure on local public employment levels by combining other socioeconomic data of 3,031 counties from 1992 to 2012. These four characteristics are spatial fragmentation, interjurisdictional completion, jurisdictional overlap and fiscal decentralization. To supplement the results of the statistical analysis, a qualitative comparative analysis compares different combinations of the four characteristics of a macro level governing structure in relation to public employment at the state level, then utilizes Boolean algebra to investigate the causal conditions.

Regression analysis finds that an increased level of fiscal decentralization is significantly associated with larger labor input in the production of public services. Additionally, spatial fragmentation reduces the levels of public sector employment, whereas interjurisdictional competition and jurisdictional overlap lead to the growth of local public sector employment levels. The findings have challenged conventional theories in fiscal federalism. Moreover, the qualitative comparative analysis presents different types of interactions of macro level governing structure characteristics in relation to high and low levels of state government employment. The results of the qualitative analysis reveal causality asymmetry and highlight how different interactions of characteristics of a macro-level governing structure affect different levels of state government employment.

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